Android is a major player in the mobile OS space with over 80 percent market share. Its popularity encourages both enterprises and developers to build new Android applications for various use cases. Though the OS covers a larger market share and offers rich developer tools to build rich mobile applications, it is vulnerable to malware attacks and threats. So if you’re planning to build an Android-based mobile app, consider checking out top five security threats your Android app developers should address while executing your project.
1. Android Fragmentation: Unlike other mobile platforms, Android is open source. Hardware manufacturers can customize Android easily to suit their specific requirements. As a result, different devices in the market use different versions of Android. For instance, some mobile devices use a customized version of Android while others use multiple Android versions. A number of researches have presented that Android fragmentation is comparatively more vulnerable to security threats and attacks.
2. Customizations Done By Device Manufacturers: As stated earlier, the openness of Android allows device manufacturers to customize the operating system as per their requirements. Many manufacturers change the core functionality of the operating system to boost the performance of their mobile devices. While some others integrate custom layers or launchers into the mobile platform. These changes and customizations done by device manufacturers can lead to security risks.
3. App Downloads From Unofficial App Stores: Though Google Play Store is the official source for downloading Android applications, a number of third-party stores lead to malicious apps making their way into smartphones. These unofficial app stores present a huge risk of security breaches as anyone can build a malicious Android app and upload it to the stores for anyone to download. Downloading such malicious applications from unofficial app stores can even result in leakage of your payment information. The presence of malicious apps also affects the security of the OS and other Android apps adversely.
4. Malicious Software for Your Project: Android security loopholes exist everywhere – in the operating system itself, and in the applications that are pre-loaded in the device or that are downloaded. Other than that, the tools and platforms used by an Android enterprise application development company for developing Android applications which come from different sources also pose a security threat for your mobile application development.
5. Extent of App Permissions: While building an Android mobile app, developers often find it challenging to decide the extent of permissions required for the app. Consequently, many Android applications require users to grant app permissions that are irrelevant and unnecessary. Also, when downloading an app most users often tend to tap the ‘Accept Button’ without checking the list of permissions the app requires. So, if you have downloaded a malicious app, it can easily take control of your device and the information stored on it. And, when an app has the permission to access your entire device, the security risk drastically increases.
To conclude, it is important for every organization to perform various security tests and ensure complete safety and security of the app. The developers must also identify and address the loopholes in their codes that can make the app vulnerable to targeted malicious attacks. Are you aware of any other security risks and threats in Android application development? Let us know in the comments below.